文章摘要
合成毒品使用人群中HIV感染状态及危险因素研究进展
Research progress on HIV infection and associated risk factors among synthetic drug users
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 合成毒品  HIV  危险因素
英文关键词: synthetic drug  HIV  risk factors
基金项目:国家"十三五"重点研发计划
作者单位
王汝佳,鲍彦平  
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中文摘要:
      合成毒品使用者中HIV感染率的地区分布变化较大,注射使用合成毒品者及使用合成毒品的男男性接触者中HIV感染的风险较高.在合成毒品使用者中,未婚、无业者,多药滥用,注射使用毒品以及共用注射器等毒品使用行为,多性伴、无保护性行为、性交易及性暴力等不安全性行为以及合并感染多种疾病等因素为HIV感染与传播的危险因素.加强禁毒力度,积极采取有针对性的干预和治疗措施,以期预防和减少HIV在我国合成毒品滥用者中的感染与传播.
英文摘要:
      The prevalence of HIV infection among synthetic drug users has significant geographical variation. Injecting synthetic drug users and man who have sex with man have a higher risk for HIV infection. Among synthetic drug users, the risk factors for HIV infection and transmission include the unmarried, unemployed, drug abuse, injecting drug and sharing syringe, the unprotected sexual behaviors such as multiple sexual partners, sexual transactions and sexual violence, co-morbidities. It is high time to promote the drug control effect and take targeted intervention and treatment measures, in order to prevent and reduce HIV infection and transmission among synthetic drug users in China.
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